Life of National Organization of Disinfectionists (NOD)
The international exhibition on means and methods of pest control and parasites "PARASITEC-2018"
Congratulation new members of NOD
Materials of scientific and practical conference and General meeting (27th congress) of members of NOD (September 4–6, 2018, Suzdal)
Scientific and methodical problems of a medical dezinfektology: state and prospects
The catalogue of participant of exhibition
N.V. Shestopalov1, L.G. Panteleeva1, L.V. Rubis2, N.K. Fedutik1
1Scientific Research Disinfectology Institute of the Federal Service on Surveillance for consumer rights protection and human well-being: 18 Nauchny proezd, Moscow, 117246, Russian Federation;
2Petrozavodsk State University: 33 Prospekt Lenina, Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia, 185910, Russian Federation.
Ways of improvement of disinfection measures in acute respiratory viral infections
The review is devoted epidemiologically to the most significant acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) and modern viruses − to agents of ARVI. Their short characteristic, data on survival on objects of the external environment, their sensitivity/stability to disinfectants is given. Data on disinfectants, active concerning different types of viruses are provided. Recommendations about improvement of disinfection actions at a ARVI in the medical organizations, organized collectives and other infectious centers taking into account mechanisms are made and the main ways of transfer of the infections caused by viruses, including insensitive (bocaviruses, rhinoviruses, enteroviruses) to disinfectants.
Keywords: causative agents of ARVI, susceptibility of viruses, disinfectants, virucidal activity, disinfection measures.
Shestopalov Nikolay Vladimirovich – Doctor of Medical Science, Professor; Director of Scientific Research Disinfectology Institute
Panteleeva Lyudmila Grigorevna – Candidate of Medical Science; Chief Research Worker of Scientific Research Disinfectology Institute
Rubis Lyudmila Viktorovna – Candidate of Medical Science, Assistant of the Department of Faculty Therapy, Phthisiology, Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology of Petrozavodsk State University, doctor-epidemiologist of the City Clinical Hospital "City Polyclinic No. 4"
Fedutik Nikolay Konstantinovich – Junior Researcher of Laboratory of Problems of Disinfection of Scientific Research Disinfectology Institute
Y.N. Ishkov, O.B. Pudova, O.A. Zharkova, E.N. Khramov
Federal Research Institute for Biological Instrumentation of Federal Medical-Biological Agency of Russian Federation:75-1 Volokolamskoe shosse, Moscow, 125424, Russian Federation
Research of decontamination activity of peroxosolvate silicon dioxide
This review is dedicated to acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) of the highest epidemiological importance and modern viruses acting as ARVI pathogens. Brief description of their characteristics, information concerning their survival rate on the objects of external environment and their sensitivity/resistance to disinfectants are given. The information about the disinfectants effective in various types of viruses is presented. The recommendations for the improvement of disinfection measures against ARVI in healthcare institutions, organized communities and other foci of infection with regard to the mechanisms and common routes of infections caused by viruses, including those viruses which have low sensitivity to disinfectants (rhinoviruses, bocaviruses, enteroviruses), are given.
Keywords: ARVI pathogens, sensitivity of viruses, disinfectants, virucidal activity, disinfection measures.
Ishkov Yuriy Nikolaevich – Candidate of Technical Sciences, Deputy Director on Scientific Work FSUE "GosNIIBP" FMBA of Russian
Pudova Olga Borisovna – Candidate of Biological Sciences, Head of Laboratory of Development of Chemical Desinfectants FSUE "GosNIIBP" FMBA of Russian
Zharkova Olga Alexandrovna – Candidate of Biological Sciences, Leading Researcher of FSUE "GosNIIBP" FMBA of Russian
O.A. Brychenkova1, A.O. Ivanova1, S.V. Andreev1, R.D. Solovov2, A.A. Ischenko3
1Scientific Research Disinfectology Institute of Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Well-being: 18 Nauchniy proezd, Moscow, 117246, Russian Federation;
2Russian academy of sciences A.N. Frumkin Institute of Physical chemistry and Electrochemistry RAS: 31 Leninsky prospect, Moscow, 199071, Russian Federation;
3Russian Technological University, M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies: 86 Vernadskogo prospect, Moscow, 119571, Russian Federation.
Quantitative determination of aldehydes in disinfectants
Currently, a large number of substances from different classes of chemical compounds are used for disinfection. One of the most common groups are aldehydes. The compounds of this series rapidly alkylate the amino-sulfhydryl and carboxyl groups of proteins, causing coagulation of the latter, which causes their activity against a wide range of microorganisms. Most often, glutaraldehyde, glyoxal and o-phthalaldehyde are used for the production of disinfectants. Disinfectants based on these compounds are widely used in many areas of health care – from gastroenterology, urology and cardiology to X-ray, laboratory and pharmacy premises. In this paper, modern methods for the analysis of aldehydes, most commonly used in analytical chemistry: titration with hydroxylamine hydrochloric acid and sodium bisulfite; high performance liquid chromatography of aldehyde derivatives with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine; gas chromatography. Using glutaraldehyde as an example, a comparison of various methods has been performed to assess the possibility of using them for the analysis of disinfectants and their working solutions. The carried out researches have shown that the gas chromatographic method is the most universal for these purposes. For this method, the methods of quantitative determination of glutaraldehyde, glyoxal and o-phthalaldehyde were validated. A permanganatometric determination of the end point of titration was proposed for the bisulfite method for the determination of aldehydes.
Keywords: aldehydes, disinfectants, titration, high-performance liquid chromatography, gas chromatography.
Ivanova Anna Olegovna – Research Worker of Department of Chemistry of Scientific Research Disinfectology Institute
Andreev Sergey Viktorovich – Head of Chemical Department of Scientific Research Disinfectology Institute
Solovov Roman Dmitrievich – PhD in Chemistry; Research Worker of Laboratory of Radiation-Chemical Transformations of Materials of Russian Academy of Sciences A.N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry RAS
Ishchenko Anatoliy Aleksandrovich – PhD in Chemistry, Professor; Head of the Department of Analytical Chemistry fo Russian Technological University
Scientific Research Disinfectology Institute of Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing: 18 Nauchny proezd, Moscow, 117246, Russian Federation;
Attractants for synanthropic insects and their pheromones
The short review of chemical and physical attractants and the chemical structures of the synanthropic insects pheromones and the possibility of the practical use, is given.
Keywords: chemical and physical attractants, pheromones, arthropods, insects, structures of pheromones.
M.Yu. Markova1, S.I. Sigida2, K.A. Purmak1
1FBHI "Hygienic and Epidemiological Center in the Stavropol Territory": 4 Fadeev Lane, Stavropol, 355008, Russian Federation;
2FSAEI HE "North-Caucasus Federal University": 1 Pushkin Str., Stavropol, 355009, Russian Federation.
The structure of the population of small mammals in the Stavropol territory in 2015–2017
Population structure of small mammals in the Stavropol Territory in 2015–2017. Epizootological monitoring was carried out while ensuring epidemiological surveillance of natural focal infections. The results of surveys of small mammals were analyzed in various landscapes of the Stavropol Territory: in three provinces of the Ciscaucasia plains and in the landscapes of the foothills of the Greater Caucasus. representatives of the families Cricetidae, Muridae, Soricidae and Gliridae were captured. in most of the territories, the Ural field mouse (Apodemus uralensis) prevailed in the population structure of MM – from 40 to 80 %, in the semi-desert landscapes of Ciscaucasia – the house mouse (Mus musculus) – 74 %. From 9 to 32 % of all captured MMs in various landscapes fall on the bushmen. In addition to these MM in the Stavropol Territory, the common shrew (Sorex araneus) and the lesser shrew (Crocidura suaveolens), the forest dormouse (Dryomys nitedula) are noted.
Keywords: epizootological monitoring, small mammals, Herb Wood Mouse, Striped Field Mouse, House Mouse, Microtus.
Sigida Sergey Ivanovich – Doctor of Science in Biology, Professor of Department of the General Biology and Biodiversity of North-Caucasus Federal University
Purmak Kristina Aleksandrovna – Manager of Office of Monitoring of Natural and Focal and Especially Dangerous Infections of Hygienic and Epidemiological Center in the Stavropol Territory
M.S. Niyazalieva, Zh.T. Isakova, A.E. Mergenov, V.S. Toigombayeva
Kyrgyz State Medical Academy named after I.K. Akhunbaev:92 Akhunbaev str., Bishkek, 720020, Kyrgyzstan.
Diffteria evolution in the Kyrgyz Republic
The article presents data on the incidence of diphtheria in the population of the republic with a depth of 96 years (1921–2017), a characteristic of a long-term trend and a description of epidemic outbreaks during the analyzed period. YPLL (years of potentially lost life) assessment for the last outbreak and analysis of the causes of its development.
Keywords: incidence, diphtheria, vaccination, YPLL.
Isakova Zhaynagul Turganbaevna – Candidate of Medical Science, Teacher of Department of the General and Clinical Epidemiology of Kyrgyz State Medical Academy named after I.K. Akhunbaev
Mergenov Azamat Erkinovich – Candidate of Medical Science, Director of the Medical Center of Skills, Assessment of Knowledge and Production Practician of Kyrgyz State Medical Academy named after I.K. Akhunbaev
Toygombaeva Vera Sadvakasovna – Doctor of Medical Science, Professor, Head of The Department of the General and Clinical Epidemiology Kyrgyz State Medical Academy named after I.K. Akhunbaev
V.I. Pshenichnikov (to his 80th anniversary)
About a field meeting of Bureau of Section of preventive medicine of Office of medical sciences of RAS
About the book "Modern questions of a disinfectology"